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Note these particular words of advice from the Northern New York Telephone Corporation:
"Students in Mrs. Jones' fourth grade class went to the House of History in Malone on April 6th. The students were given a tour of the house and then completed a craft activity like those that might have been done in the late 1800s. The children learned many things about life in the 1860s. They were eager to learn and enjoyed listening to the stories that the volunteers at the House of History had to tell."
"This house is located about two miles from the village of Malone. The building is of wood, poorly constructed, and illy fitted for its present uses. It was originally a farm house, and in size 80 x 24 feet, two stories high. There is attached a farm of 110 acres, yielding a revenue of $1,500. The basements of the building are occupied for domestic purposes only. In the house are eighteen rooms or wards, well warmed by stoves, but without ventilation. From one to eight paupers are placed in a single room. The number of inmates was thirty-eight, fifteen males and twenty-three females. Of these twenty-eight are foreign, ten native born; nine are under sixteen years of age. The sexes are separated at night, but mingle together during the day. The average number of inmates is forty-eight, supported at an expense of thirty-one cents per week each, exclusive of the products of the farm. The paupers are employed, the men on the farm, the women about the house. It has been visited once during the year by the board of supervisors. They regulate the government of the house and the system of diet. The food of the paupers is of a plain and wholesome quality. The house is supplied with Bibles, but there is no regular religious instruction. A teacher of the common English branches was employed in the house for three months during last winter, but the children usually attend the district school. A physician is employed by the year at $28, and comes only when called. There are no facilities for bathing. One birth and two deaths have occurred during the last year. No contagious diseases have raged. Of the inmates seven are lunatics, three males and four females, all paupers, none are reported improved or cured. But one is constantly confined, and he in a cell. They are restrained by confinement, and sometimes handcuffs, shackles, and the straight jacket are used. Two have been admitted within the year. They receive no medical or other attendance, nor does the house permit classification. The superintendents usually discharge the insane; sometimes the power is exercised by the keeper. Two of the paupers are blind, four idiots--two male, two female. The keeper reports nine-tenths of the paupers as here by reason of intemperance and its effects. There is here a poor cripple, almost idiotic, whose limbs are drawn up and under him in strange contortions, and his tongue paralyzed by the disease. He can wear no garments but a loose shirt. The unnatural parents were committed to prison, and the child sent to this house. The hospital department of the house is wretched, and the nursing and medical attendance inadequate. The general appearance of the establishment however is good, and the rooms are particularly neat and clean."
"Since the days that the curse of slavery was wiped off the land, no subject so full of horrors was ever afforded to human pen. There is no standard of misery by thich this can be measured. The wretchedness of these poor creatures seems a realization of a Dantesque ideal."The most mild of the poorhouses listed, "in Franklin County, two or three sleep on straw without other bedding. In the day-time the sexes mix as they please. They have no change of undergarments."
"A significant feature of the report is that recent admissions have been confined to old and decrepit persons, and that the younger type of alcoholics is no longer present. It says: 'Administrative conditions as to cleanliness and care of inmates are excellent. The institution has a home-like atmosphere. The relation of employees to inmates seems considerate, reflecting well-regulated local supervision.'"____________